10 things to “discover” about Christopher Columbus and the holiday

On the second Monday of October, many businesses in the United States will be closed for a federal holiday officially known as Columbus Day. You might have heard something about Christopher Columbus sailing the ocean blue in 1492 and “sort of” discovering America.

Here are 10 more facts to discover about Columbus and the holiday.

1- His real name was Cristoforo Colombo. Christopher Columbus is an Anglicized version of the name he was given at birth in 1451 in Genoa, Italy.

2- Before he was an admiral and governor in the new world, Columbus was a pirate or privateer, who took part in attacks on Moorish merchant vessels.

3- Columbus almost never made it to America. He had a hard time drumming up financial support for his first voyage and spent nearly a decade pitching his plan to monarchy in Portugal, England and France before he got the financing in 1492 from Ferdinand and Isabela of Spain.

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Native teen to run 1400 miles from Arizona to Standing Rock for pipeline protest

Well I’ve never ran 1,400 miles before only like three and that’s only competition. I’m not really running a competition,” said Riley Ortega.

Riley Ortega is a Prescott Valley teenager with strong convictions about stopping pollution so he organized the run to support the nationwide demonstration at the Dakota Access Pipeline site where hundreds of Native Americans have gathered.

The Hopi teenager comes from a long line of runners.

“He figured ‘hey I’m only 15 what can I do’ and he thought by running he could generate a lot of popularity and awareness to bring to the pipeline,” said Lori Ortega, Riley’s mother.

The interstate pipeline would carry thousands of gallons of oil across four states. The Lakota people are concerned about water contamination and say a pipeline break could devastate the Missouri and Mississippi Rivers.

“My purpose was to raise awareness and help my people with the water,” said Riley.

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Sami Indigenous Travel to Stand with Standing Rock Sioux Tribe

The women sat on their knees, and their bright crimson and blue skirts flowed in front of them. They offered Standing Rock’s chairman gifts, including reindeer hide and a traditional cup carved from birch. Onlookers stood silent as they cried out a yoik, a traditional song that combines deep guttural sounds with strikingly high notes.

Standing Rock Sioux Chairman Frank Archambault II, left, is given a gift by Sofia Jannok, center, Inger Berit Gaup and Sara Marielle Gail, right, representing the Sami indigenous of Northern Europe during a gathering in the main fire circle at Oceti Sakowin Camp near the Standing Rock reservation Friday, Sept. 30, 2016, near Cannon Ball, N.D. (Photo: Rodney White/The Register)

“We are one. We hear you, we see you. And the fight you have is also the fight we have.” Sofia Jannok

Sofia Jannok, a Swedish singer, told how her people combat mining and struggle to maintain natural habitats for reindeer, which many rely upon for food, fur and livelihood. The Sami ancestral area spans parts of Norway, Sweden, Finland and Russia.

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Worse Than Flint! This Is What Water Looks Like In Native American Potlotek Community

This filthy, hazardous water is making people sick and they are being told it will be 2 YEARS before it is fixed!

Hal Higgins of CBC News reports that officials from Health Canada, Indigenous and Northern Affairs and a group of engineers will be coming to Potlotek First Nation Tuesday, Oct. 4, to address the domestic water crisis in that community, according to Chief Wilbert Marshall.

“They’re going to explain to our community members what’s the next steps,” he said, following a meeting Wednesday at the Health Canada office in Halifax. “We gotta get this settled. It is an emergency.”

Marshall also noted that officials say it will take two years to solve the problem of dirty, undrinkable water in Potlotek.

“That’s unacceptable.”

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Pipeline protest now a city of 4,000 with a growing infrastructure

SACRED STONE CAMP, N.D. – As several of us from Chicago approached the camp here that is known now around the world we saw the flags of many Native tribes, tents, tepees, makeshift buildings, horses and motor vehicles spread across a valley near where the Missouri and Cannonball Rivers come together.

The Sacred Stone encampment, as it is called by the thousands protesting here on any given day, is near the Standing Rock Sioux reservation.

It is a place where Native tribes from all over the continent have come to join the Standing Rock Sioux in their battle against the Dakota Access pipeline. They fight to protect sacred sites but they fight also to protect water – the Missouri River alone provides all the water needs for millions of Americans.

This struggle has become much more than just another massive civil disobedience action, however. The “water protectors,” as they call themselves (preferring that term to ‘protesters’), have literally constructed what looks like an almost permanent new settlement in North Dakota. With the population each day averaging 4,000, the Sacred Stone Camp is already twice the size of the average North Dakota town.

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Documents Reveal Trump Personally Invested in Companies Behind Dakota Access Pipeline

Greenpeace has recently uncovered that Donald Trump has multiple financial ties to the $3.8 billion Dakota Access pipeline, which hundreds of Native American tribes have been desperately resisting for months.

The controversial builders of the Dakota Access route have received troubling headlines in the past for setting dogs on protesters and destroying sacred land which old treaties with the Sioux Tribe were supposed to protect.

The usually opinionated Trump has been silent on the issue of the unpopular pipeline throughout his campaign, though he has promised to resurrect the somewhat similar Keystone XL Pipeline project, which the Obama administration put a stop to after the country expressed outrage over its construction. Trump has also expressed an intent to “streamline” pipeline permitting and strip away governmental oversight from fossil fuel infrastructure projects of this nature.

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Enough is Enough: Indigenous activist’s powerful speech becomes internet sensation

Tara Houska, from the Ojibwa Nation, says this gathering of tribal nations at Standing Rock is unprecedented since Wounded Knee in 1973.

The Standing Rock Sioux Tribe opposes the construction of the Dakota Access Pipeline, because it crosses sacred grounds within the boundaries of the reservation and threatens water sources in the larger region of the Missouri River.

There was no prior consultation or authorization for the pipeline. In fact, the construction of the pipeline is a blatant violation of treaty rights. The territorial and water rights of the Standing Rock Sioux Tribe and the Cheyenne River Sioux Tribe are protected under the Treaty of Fort Laramie (1851) and the Sioux Nation Treaty at Fort Laramie (1868)—as well as subsequent treaties.

Indigenous nations across the USA mobilized to protect Standing Rock. There are thousands of people now standing their grounds, including over a hundred Nations from across the Continent.
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Pope Apologizes For Catholic Church’s ‘Offenses’ Against Indigenous Peoples (Video)

Pope Francis apologized Thursday for the sins and “offenses” committed by the Catholic Church against indigenous peoples during the colonial-era conquest of the Americas.

History’s first Latin American pope “humbly” begged forgiveness during an encounter in Bolivia with indigenous groups and other activists and in the presence of Bolivia’s first-ever indigenous president, Evo Morales.

Francis noted that Latin American church leaders in the past had acknowledged “grave sins were committed against the native peoples of America in the name of God.” St. John Paul II, for his part, apologized to the continent’s indigenous for the “pain and suffering” caused during the 500 years of the church’s presence on the continent during a 1992 visit to the Dominican Republic.

But Francis went farther.

“I humbly ask forgiveness, not only for the offenses of the church herself, but also for crimes committed against the native peoples during the so-called conquest of America,” he said to applause and cheers from the crowd.


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Scientists Back Native American Protesters In Dakota Access Fight

Close to 100 scientists have signed onto a letter decrying “inadequate environmental and cultural impact assessments” for the Dakota Access Pipeline (DAPL), and calling for a halt to construction until such tests have been carried out as requested by the Standing Rock Sioux Tribe.

Lead signatories Stephanie Januchowski-Hartley, Anne Hilborn, Katherine Crocker, andAsia Murphy drew attention to the missive in a letter to the journal Science published Friday.

“The DAPL project is just one of many haphazard approaches to natural resource extraction that overlook broader consequences of oil development,” they wrote.

Furthermore, the open letter (pdf) states, “We as scientists are concerned about the potential local and regional impacts from the DAPL, which is symptomatic of the United States’ continued dependence on fossil fuels in the face of predicted broad-scale social and ecological impacts from global climate change.” Specifically, they cite the Standing Rock Sioux’s concerns that the pipeline project threatens biodiversity and clean water.

Underscoring those concerns, a Reuters investigation into the nation’s pipeline system published Friday reveals that “sensitive technology designed to pick up possible spills is about as successful as a random member of the public…finding it, despite efforts from pipeline operators.”

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How American History Erases Mass Killings Against Native Americans

When the media speaks of a mass killing in the United States as being the worst in our history but forget about other historical mass killings is a part to erase Native American genocide.

Ever since Columbus reached the indigenous people of the Caribbean in 1492, an era of colonization and exploitation of the indigenous inhabitants for economic purposes.

Contained in the journals of Columbus’ and his men are atrocities far beyond the comprehension of humans. These so-called civilized people chopped up the bodies of Natives people and fed them to their hunting dogs, Kidnapped and sold pre-teen girls in the sex trade, enslavement and seeing if one could slice through a Native with one stroke.

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